information security, information systems, security means, malware


High rates of technical progress and the spread of information technologies are a fairly widespread phenomenon today. However, statistical data indicate that, simultaneously with the positive dynamics, there is also an annual exponential growth in the amount of malicious software that affects information systems. Thus, in the second quarter of 2022, security systems detected 55.3 million malicious and potentially unwanted objects, which became a serious threat to information security, taking various forms, including attacks on software, theft of intellectual property, theft of personal data, theft of information, sabotage and extortion of information. That is why technologies for analysis and detection of potential dangers are constantly being improved. However, currently no method is capable of detecting the entire existing spectrum of malicious software, which proves the complexity and necessity of creating effective approaches to detecting malicious software and the presence of an unlimited space of possibilities for the development of new methods in this field.

This article reviews the actual state of information security, classifies and highlights specific attributes of security mechanisms, analyzes various criteria for classifying information system security risks.

In the first chapter, categories and features of types of threats to information security are considered. The second chapter provides a general description of threat analysis methods, compares static, dynamic, and hybrid malware analysis methods and highlights the advantages and disadvantages of each of them.

In the third chapter, the newest means of detecting and countering threats to information systems are considered, and the peculiarities of their implementation are analyzed.

The article provides a thorough review of current research on malware detection methodology

The purpose of this article is to provide a general idea of the current state of information security and existing modern methods of protecting information systems from possible threats.

Author Biography

Klymenko Iryna Anatoliivna , Department of Computing Engineering at NTUU “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Docent Professor at the Department of Computing Engineering at NTUU “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”